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三位美国国会议员提案加强摩擦学研究

    华盛顿特区国会议员Tim Ryan(OH-13),Dan Lipinski(IL-03)和Mike Doyle(PA-14)今天(2017年5月2日)介绍了一项立法议案,强调摩擦学对美国经济的巨大经济影响,需要进一步研究开发。摩擦学是科学和工程的一个分支,包括与摩擦控制相关的科学学科,减少磨损,开发和应用新的润滑战略。增加对摩擦学的研发投入将有助于为制造业,能源生产和使用,运输车辆和基础设施,温室气体排放,国防和国土安全,保健,采矿安全和可靠性以及太空探索等关键技术问题提供解决方案。 世界一次能源消耗的三分之一是由于摩擦;约70%的设备故障归咎于润滑故障和磨损。机械系统(如内燃机和燃气轮机)磨损造成的摩擦能量损失和材料损失对经济和环境造成重大负担。 “包括行业,政府实验室和大学在内的1000多家美国企业从事摩擦学相关活动,包括开发新材料,涂料和润滑剂,以及销售和服务。 这一技术支持技术每年向美国经济贡献4000亿至7000亿美元。 估计有30万人在这个行业工作,薪水高于美国的中位数收入。摩擦学家和润滑工程师的就业市场一直在上升。 如果认识到这项技术的经济和社会影响,预计增加投资和更高的就业增长率”,Tim Ryan说。 “这个重要的科学和工程领域几乎影响到所有的制造产品。这一领域的突破有可能大大减少设备的磨损和提高能源效率。 Lipinsky表示:“更多地关注摩擦学将有助于我们利用科学家和工程师的创新来创造就业机会和保护环境”。 “他们说吱吱作响的车轮上有油脂,摩擦学教我们为什么这是一个很好的方法” Mike Doyle今天表示。“摩擦磨损对我们经济的影响是巨大的——比大多数人想象的要大得多。因此,摩擦学的研究具有巨大的能量和经济潜力,可能会在全球经济中产生涟漪。这就是为什么我支持这一立法来提高对这一领域增加研究的好处的认识“。 阿克伦大学工程学院临时院长Donald P. Visco博士说:“我很高兴地支持瑞安议员关于增加摩擦学和相关领域研究支出的建议。如众所周知的那样,对摩擦学的投入不足使美国经济每年造成巨大的损失“。 佐治亚理工学院院长G.P. Bud博士说:“摩擦学在我们的日常生活中普遍存在,从生物肌肉和关节弯曲到轻型和重型机械的运行,从纳米到宏观尺度。摩擦,润滑和磨损的管理被认为是我们依赖的机器的寿命和安全性的关键,从日常运输到核能发电。 “绿色摩擦学”的科学技术旨在节约资源和能源,增强环境和提高生活质量。这些挑战提供了改善制造业的巨大机会“。 STLE执行董事Edward Salek说“代表摩擦学家和润滑工程师协会(STLE),我赞扬国会议员蒂姆·瑞恩(Tim Ryan)在引进这一突出摩擦学和润滑工程重要性的立法方面的领导作用。 STLE是专注于专业,技术和科学问题和需求的个人会员社团。 我们的成员是技术专家,他们研究,开发和销售使行业更加成功,增强全球人们福祉的方法和产品“。 美国机械工程师学会(ASME),奥本大学,卡内基梅隆大学,乔治亚理工学院,摩擦学家和润滑工程师学会(STLE),宾夕法尼亚州立大学和阿克伦大学都支持这一立法。

(根据http://timryan.house.gov/press-release/representatives-ryan-lipinski-and-doyle-introduce-resolution-emphasize-impact,google翻译)

    Washington, DC – Representatives Tim Ryan (OH-13), Dan Lipin­ski (IL-03) and Mike Doyle (PA-14) today introduced a resolution to emphasize the massive economic impact of tribology on the U.S. economy and highlight the need for further research and development into the field. Tribology is a branch of science and engineering encompassing scientific disciplines related to controlling of friction, reduction of wear loss, and development and application of novel lubrication strategies. Increased research and development investments in tribology will assist in providing solutions to critical technical problems in manufacturing, energy production and use, transportation vehicles and infrastructure, greenhouse emissions, defense and homeland security, health care, mining safety and reliability, and space exploration, among others. Approximately a third of the world’s primary energy consumption is attributed to friction; and about 70 percent of the equipment failures is blamed on lubrication breakdown and wear loss.  Loss of energy to friction and material losses due to wear in mechanical systems such as internal combustion and gas turbine engines account for major economic and environmental burdens.  “More than 1,000 American enterprises comprising of industry, government laboratories, and universities are engaged in tribology related activities that include development of new materials, coatings and lubricants, as well as sales and service. This enabling technology contributes $400 billion to $700 billion annually to the U.S. economy. An estimated 300,000 individuals are employed in this sector with salaries that are higher than the median income in the U.S. The job market for tribologists and lubrication engineers has been on the rise. If the economic and social impact of this technology is recognized, increased investments and higher job growth rates are expected,” said Rep. Ryan. “This important field of science and engineering impacts nearly every manufactured product.  Breakthroughs in this area have the potential to vastly reduce wear and tear on our equipment and increase our energy efficiency.  An increased focus on tribology will help us harness the innovation of our scientists and engineers to create jobs and protect the environment,” said Rep. Lipinsky. “They say the squeaky wheel gets the grease, and tribology teaches us why that’s such a good policy,” Rep. Doyle observed today. “The impact of friction and wear on our economy is huge – much greater than most people would imagine. Consequently the study of tribology holds the potential for tremendous energy and monetary savings that could ripple through the global economy. That’s why I support this legislation to raise awareness about the benefits of increased research in this field.” “It is my pleasure to support Representatives Ryan’s proposal to increase research spending in tribology and related fields. As is well known to those in the field, the US economy suffers an enormous cost annually to tribological deficiencies,” Dr. Donald P. Visco, Jr., Interim Dean, College of Engineering, University of Akron. “Tribology is prevalent in our daily lives, from flexing the biological muscles and joints that set ourselves in motion, to the operation of light and heavy machinery, from nano to macro scales. The management of friction, lubrication, and wear is recognized as essential for the longevity and safety of the machines we rely on, ranging from daily transportation to nuclear power generation. The science and technology of "Green Tribology" is aimed at saving resources and energy, as well as the enhancement of the environment and our quality of life. These challenges present great opportunities to improve manufacturing,” Dr. G. P. “Bud” Peterson, President Georgia Institute of Technology. “On behalf of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrications Engineers (STLE), I applaud Congressman Tim Ryan for his leadership in introducing this legislation highlighting the importance of tribology and lubrication engineering.  STLE is an individual membership society focusing on professional, technical and scientific issues and needs. Our members are technical experts who research, develop and market the methods and products that make industry more successful and that enhance the well-being of people worldwide,” Edward Salek, STLE Executive Director. This Legislation is supported by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Auburn University, Carnegie Mellon University, Georgia Institute of Technology, Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE), Pennsylvania State University, and the University of Akron.
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